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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)

"His political and cultural ambitions were enormous as he ruled a vast area, beginning with Sicily and stretching through Italy all the way north to Germany. As the Crusades progressed, he acquired control of Jerusalem and styled himself its king. However, the Papacy became his enemy, and it eventually prevailed. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman emperors of antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. As such, he was King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. At the age of three, he was crowned King of Sicily as a co-ruler with his mother, Constance of Hauteville, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. His other royal title was King of Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the Sixth Crusade. Frequently at war with the papacy, which was hemmed in between Frederick´s lands in northern Italy and his Kingdom of Sicily (the Regno) to the south, he was excommunicated four times and often vilified in pro-papal chronicles of the time and after. Pope Gregory IX went so far as to call him an Antichrist." - (en.wikipedia.org 22.10.2019)

What we know

Background

was born Iesi December 26, 1194
died Castelfiorentino December 13, 1250
son of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197) [father of], Constance of Sicily (1154-1198) [mother of]
was born Palermo Cathedral
Member House of Hohenstaufen
Husband of Constance of Aragon (1184-1222) 1209-1222
Husband of Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) 1225-1228
Husband of Isabella of England (1214-1241) 1235-1241
father of Heinrich VII. (HRR) (1211-1242) [son of], Constance of Aragon (1184-1222) [mother of]
father of Conrad IV of Germany (1228-1254) [son of], Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) [mother of]
father of Margaret of Sicily (1237-1270) [daughter of], Isabella of England (1214-1241) [mother of]
father of Anna of Hohenstaufen (1230-1307) [daughter of], Bianca Lancia (1200-1244) [mother of]
father of Manfred, King of Sicily (1232-1266) [son of], Bianca Lancia (1200-1244) [mother of]
father of Frederick of Antioch (1220-1256)
father of Enzio of Sardinia (1220-1272)

Biography

bridegroom Constance of Aragon (1184-1222) Palermo August 1209
bridegroom Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) Brindisi November 09, 1225
bridegroom Isabella of England (1214-1241) July 15, 1235
was crowned King Palermo May 17, 1198
was crowned Emperor Honorius III (1148-1227) Rome November 22, 1220

Bibliography

Sources & Mentions

Objects and visualizations

Relations to objects

Augustalis Kaiser Friedrichs II.Donauwörth: Friedrich II.Überlingen: Friedrich II.Bergamo: StadtVerona: StadtSizilien: Friedrich II.
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Relations to actor

This actor (left) is related to objects with which other actors (right) are related to

Was depicted (Actor) Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)

[Relation to person or institution] Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)
[Relation to person or institution] House of Hohenstaufen

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Genealogy

Map

Iesi13.24394989013743.522789001465Place of birth db_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Castelfiorentino10.97000026702943.610832214355Place of deathdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Palermo Cathedral13.35611057281538.114444732666Burial placedb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Palermo13.36126232147238.115657806396place of wedding // place of crowningdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Brindisi17.94583320617740.638332366943place of weddingdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Rome12.4827775955241.893054962158place of crowningdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622

Relations to time periods

Show relations to time periods