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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)

"His political and cultural ambitions were enormous as he ruled a vast area, beginning with Sicily and stretching through Italy all the way north to Germany. As the Crusades progressed, he acquired control of Jerusalem and styled himself its king. However, the Papacy became his enemy, and it eventually prevailed. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman emperors of antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. As such, he was King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. At the age of three, he was crowned King of Sicily as a co-ruler with his mother, Constance of Hauteville, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. His other royal title was King of Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the Sixth Crusade. Frequently at war with the papacy, which was hemmed in between Frederick´s lands in northern Italy and his Kingdom of Sicily (the Regno) to the south, he was excommunicated four times and often vilified in pro-papal chronicles of the time and after. Pope Gregory IX went so far as to call him an Antichrist." - (en.wikipedia.org 22.10.2019)

What we know

Background

was born Iesi 26.12.1194
died Castelfiorentino 13.12.1250
son of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197) [father of], Constance of Sicily (1154-1198) [mother of]
was born Palermo Cathedral
Member House of Hohenstaufen
Husband of Constanze von Aragón (1184-1222) 1209-1222
Husband of Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) 1225-1228
Husband of Isabella of England (1214-1241) 1235-1241
father of Heinrich (VII.) (HRR) (1211-1242) [son of], Constanze von Aragón (1184-1222) [mother of]
father of Konrad IV. (HRR) (1228-1254) [son of], Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) [mother of]
father of Margaret of Sicily (1237-1270) [daughter of], Isabella of England (1214-1241) [mother of]
father of Anna of Hohenstaufen (1230-1307) [daughter of], Bianca Lancia (1200-1244) [mother of]
father of Manfred, King of Sicily (1232-1266) [son of], Bianca Lancia (1200-1244) [mother of]
father of Friedrich von Antiochia (1220-1256)
father of Enzio von Sardinien (1220-1272)

Biography

bridegroom Constanze von Aragón (1184-1222) Palermo August 1209
bridegroom Isabella II of Jerusalem (1212-1228) Brindisi 09.11.1225
bridegroom Isabella of England (1214-1241) 15.07.1235
was crowned King Palermo 17.05.1198
was crowned emperor Honorius III (1148-1227) Rome 22.11.1220

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Was depicted (actor) Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)

Commissioned Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250)

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Genealogy

Map

Iesi13.2439498901367190043.52278900146484400Place of birth db_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Castelfiorentino10.9700002670288090043.61083221435547000Place of deathdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Palermo Cathedral13.3561105728149410038.11444473266601600Burial placedb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Palermo13.3434448242187500038.10156631469726600place of wedding // place of crowningdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Brindisi17.9458332061767580040.63833236694336000place of weddingdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Rome12.4827775955200200041.89305496215820000place of crowningdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
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